CPC Bans Di-isononyl Phthalate In Toys, Care Items

The US Consumer Product Safety Commission voted 3-2 on a final rule that would ban the use of certain phthalate plasticizers, in-cluding di-isononyl phthalate (DINP), in children’s toys and child-care items.

The final rule makes perma-nent an interim ban on DINP that had restricted the chemical’s use in toys or products that can be placed in children’s mouths. However, the final rule is ex-panded to ban DINP in all chil-dren’s toys and child-care items.

Other plasticizers banned in the final rule include di-isobutyl phthalate (DIBP), di-n-pentyl phthalate (DPENP), di-n-hexyl phthalate (DHEXP) and dicy-clohexyl phthalate (DCHP). The final rule lifts interim restric-tions on di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP) and di-isodecyl phtha-late (DIDP) because they were found not to be antiandrogenic.

The restricted chemicals have been linked to hormone disrup-tion and other health problems in children, including potential harmful effects on male repro-ductive systems.

The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 banned di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP).

The act then required the com-mission to study the effects of phthalates and phthalate alterna-tives on children. The study led to a report in 2014 and interim bans, but a final vote on the mat-ter was delayed until now.

The permanent inclusion of DINP was questioned, as some say it poses less of a risk because its antiandrogenic effects are at lower levels than the other phtha-lates. However, the commission found that it did contribute to cu-mulative risk.


The American Chemistry Council (ACC) has responded by saying that the decision to restrict DINP contradicts established science.

“DINP is one of the most thor-oughly studied compounds in the world,” the ACC said in a statement. “It has been reviewed by numerous international scien-tific panels for decades, and the conclusions are essentially the same each time: DINP, as current-ly used in commercial and con-sumer products, does not pose a risk to human health at typical exposure levels.”

Eastman Chemical, BASF and ExxonMobil are the three major plasticizer producers in the US. ExxonMobil produces DINP. 

DINP and certain other plasticizers have been banned from toys.png

DINP and certain other plasticizers have been banned from toys